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Random drug and alcohol screening is used by many UK companies to deter the use or abuse of illegal drugs and / or alcohol by employees within the workplace. There have been a large number of case studies to demonstrate how effective random screening is in reducing accidents, absenteeism, ill health, litigation, etc.

Random drug and alcohol testing

Random drug and alcohol testingRandom drug and alcohol screening is used by many UK companies to deter the use or abuse of illegal drugs and / or alcohol by employees within the workplace. There have been a large number of case studies to demonstrate how effective random screening is in reducing accidents, absenteeism, ill health, litigation, etc, and as a result it is frequently considered to be best practice, especially in safety critical environments.Even when a business doesn't introduce full random drug testing, they often choose to conduct testing when there is a problem - such as incident or accident based screening or "for cause" testing when there are sufficient grounds to suspect that an employee is not fit to perform their duties due to drink or illegal drugs.How often random drug and alcohol testing should be carried out can be determined by the business based upon a number of factors. Such factors include the nature of the business, demographics of their staff or factors relating to the culture of the business for example, a culture of lunchtime drinking.Some companies carry out as little as 5 percent random testing (i.e. only 5% of staff are drug tested just once per year after being randomly selected), whereas other businesses may insist that every employee is screened at least once annually or more. It really depends upon the cost, certain health and safety considerations and their own drive to enforce a drug and alcohol free workplace.Substance abuse screening in the workplace is relatively straight forward to implement and can be put into place without much expense when done correctly. Random testing of company employees can be carried out on-site for less than 10 per employee.All a company needs to do is formulate a drug and alcohol policy - which is basically the business's views on drugs and alcohol, what is deemed acceptable, what isn't, and what are the consequences of breaking the rules - along with procedural information. Many companies have consultation with staff and union representatives to be sure that the company policy was developed with input from all concerned parties. If companies find this process to be too time consuming or complex for your managers, we can develop your policy for you as consultants, or review your current draft policy to ensure that it is completely legally defensible and user friendly. Our years of experience really can make a significant difference to your company policy and allows you to implement it as fast as possible.When you have a finished drug and alcohol policy, it is time to issue a copy of this to your employees along with an implementation date. As long as the start date for the policy is further away than their contractual notice period, when the start date arrives, the policy has become part of all employees' terms and conditions of employment. At this point, if it is your policy that employees undergo random drug / alcohol screening or testing in accident / incident or "for cause" situations, then failure to comply constitutes a failure to undertake a reasonable request - which may have disciplinary consequences up to and including dismissal.Ultimately, it should be every employers goal to remove the substance from the individual, rather than the individual from the workplace, so assistance for those who come forward to seek it is vital.To reinforce a drug and alcohol testing policy it is a good idea to train managers in drug and alcohol awareness so that they can spot the signs and symptoms of drug misuse and understand how to deal with the situation should it arise. The majority of our business customers choose a half day of training for their managers.

When The Cure Becomes The Cause Of Illness

When The Cure Becomes The Cause Of Illness

It is bad enough to have an illness. But there are times when the cure is as bad as the illness itself, and worse, it is possible that the cure itself can become the cause of the illness. Many people suffer headaches daily due to a number of different reasons, the causes of which are as diverse as undiagnosed jaw disorders, genetic susceptibility and stress. However, recent research shows that a growing number of headaches are being caused by the very medications taken to alleviate them. Almost half of chronic migraine headaches, and as many as 25 percent of all headaches, are actually rebound episodes triggered by the overuse of common pain medications, such as prescription and over-the-counter drugs. Oftentimes, people tend to pop too many pills in dealing with a migraine or a simple tension-type headache. But when the medications stop, another headache follows, which may be similar to a hangover. This will prompt them to seek the medicine cabinet again, and before long they become hooked in a cycle of headaches and over-medication. There are more than three million Americans suffering from headaches they are inflicting on themselves, according to Dr. Stephen D. Silberstein, a professor of Neurology and director of the Jefferson Headache Center at Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia. If a patients headaches have grown markedly worse or more frequent, the problem is almost always medication overuse, Dr. Silberstein said.The International Headache Society last year published revised criteria to help doctors recognize and treat headaches from medication overuse. Signs of trouble include headaches that occur 15 or more days a month, according to the society, along with the heavy use of pain medications for three months or more. Overuse is defined as taking pain medication for 15 or more days a month. Overuse has less to do with how many pills you take to relieve a single headache than with how often you take them, said Dr. Robert Kunkel, a headache specialist at the Cleveland Clinic Headache Center. If you get more than two headaches a week and take pain pills for them, youre at risk.The use of a certain medication may be discontinued in order to know whether it is the cause of a certain headache. For medication-dependent patients, this test may take as long as two months before an improvement can actually be seen.People who experience migraine seem to be especially susceptible to rebound episodes. Many doctors begin weaning these patients off painkillers by prescribing drugs to help prevent attacks, then gradually reducing doses of the painkillers used to treat acute episodes. One of several drugs that have been approved to prevent migraines is topiramate (Topamax), which studies suggest may lessen the frequency of attacks for up to 14 months. Moreover, early trials reveal that Botox injected into the scalp can prevent or reduce the frequency of both migraines and tension headaches. Although the Food and Drug Administration has yet to approve the use of botulinum toxin for headaches, it is already being offered by a growing number of clinics due to its ability to provide relief for up to three months.It is encouraging to know that tension headaches can actually be prevented with stress reduction techniques and avoidance of certain triggers. With close attention to prevention, those who suffer from tension headaches may not need to resort to painkillers often enough to risk rebounding. Almost any kind of pain reliever can cause rebound problems if use in excess. However, most patients show dramatic improvement after three months of being weaned from medication. They also learned their lesson and steer clear of overusing pain pills.

Online Generic Cialis and Viagra Shopping Guide

Online Generic Cialis and Viagra Shopping Guide

Erectile Dysfunction is no laughing matter, and neither is shopping for ED pills. This is serious business, and you should know how to shop for online generic Cialis before you start buying products online. Our web site is designed specifically to help you make wise and informed decisions when you are shopping for ED pills online. We have compiled a vast library of advice, information, guides and advice to assist you in your online ED pill shopping experience. Whether you are just looking for information about generic ED pills in general or are looking for specific tips on finding the best online Generic Viagra products, you will find the information you need here. Our motto is that an informed shopper is a good shopper. We have done all of the hard work for you: we have spent countless hours compiling the best information available right here at your disposal. Articles are grouped by category, with helpful cross-links within the articles themselves so you can find more information about a specific topic within an article. Shopping for online generic Cialis is your business. Providing you with all the knowledge and information you need to make wise shopping decisions is ours. Shop wisely!

Treatments To Stop Snoring Now

Treatments To Stop Snoring Now

Even though a bad snorer may sound like a motorboat speeding over the waves, the truth is that snoring is caused by obstructed breathing, and obstruction can lead to serious problems. Snoring disturbs sleeping patterns and deprives the snorer of much needed rest. When snoring is severe, it can cause serious, long-term health problems, including obstructive sleep apnea not to mention disturbing the peace and quiet in the bedroom. Simple changes, such as losing weight or sleeping on your side, can help as well as more drastic measures such as surgery. The following is a list of some of the best treatments to help with snoring problems.Surgery is often used for treating snoring caused by obstructive sleep apnea. Different types of TAP (Thermal Ablation Palatoplasty) include bipolar cautery, laser, and radiofrequency. Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) tightens flabby tissues in the throat and palate, and widens air passages. Laser Assisted Uvula Palatoplasty (LAUP) treats snoring and mild obstructive sleep apnea by removing the obstruction in the airway. A laser is used to vaporize the uvula and a specified portion of the palate. Removing excess tissue enlarges your airway and reduces vibration. Radiofrequency-assisted uvulopalatoplasty or RAUP. Instead of a laser, thermal energy is used under local anesthesia to scar and shrink the soft tissue in the back of the throat Genioglossus and hyod advancement is a surgical procedure that prevents collapse of the lower throat and pulls the tongue muscles forward, thereby opening the obstructed airway. Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy treats snoring caused by problems with tonsils and adenoids. Often found in children.If surgery is too risky or unwanted here are some non surgical ways to treat snoring: Use a nasal mask that delivers air pressure into the throat called a continuous positive airway pressure or "CPAP". The mask is attached to a small pump that forces air through your airway to keep it from collapsing. CPAP eliminates snoring but many people find it cumbersome and uncomfortable. Change your sleep posture. Snoring is especially loud when you sleep on your back. Various pillows and strap-on devices will force you to sleep in the right position. Throat sprays coat the soft tissues of the throat with lubricating oils, allowing the air to move more freely and lessening the noisy vibration. Open up nasal passages with the following items including adhesive strips which hold open the airways of your nose, plastic devices to hold open your nostrils, and nasal sprays which reduce congestion or the swelling of nasal tissues. These methods will enhance your breathing. Mouthpiece devices are available often custom-fitted by your dentist which pulls the lower jaw and tongue forward, making more room at the back of the throat.Oftentimes snoring can be helped with lifestyle changes but if you have concerns about snoring you should contact your doctor or dentist for a complete evaluation to discuss the snoring treatments available and to decide which might be the best help to stop your snoring now.

Patching Up the Problems in Women's Sexual Health and Pregnancy

One of the lesser known pregnancy prevention products available is called the birth control patch. The "birth control patch" is a thin, beige square patch that sticks to the skin. By releasing hormones through the skin into the bloodstream, this birth control method would help prevent pregnancy. By combining the hormones called progesterone and estrogen, the patch prevents ovulation or the release of an egg from the ovaries during a woman's monthly menstruation. The hormones in the patch also thickens the mucus produced in the cervix, making it difficult for sperm to enter and reach any eggs that may have been released.Similar to other forms of birth control such as the birth control pill or ring, the user works on the birth control patch based on her menstrual cycle. Normally, the girl puts the patch on the first day of her menstrual cycle, or the first Sunday after her cycle begins. She will then place the patch on her skin once a week for three weeks straight. This patch should be applied to either of the following: buttocks, abdomen, upper arm, or upper torso. On its fourth week, no patch is worn, and the user's period will then start again during this time.The sales of birth control patches dipped after a legal complaint was made by a group of 40 women, all of which used a popular birth control patch, directly to the patch's manufacturer. They claimed that these contraceptives were causing serious health problems. One specific lawsuit claimed that 43 women suffered from blood clots and other ailments after taking a popular branded birth control patch. A second lawsuit stated that a woman of 25 died of severe blood clots in her lungs and legs after she began using this birth control product.These lawsuits complained that the manufacturer of this birth control patch allegedly failed to warn the public about the risks of using the said product. The plaintiff also claimed that the company deceived the public about the severity of potential side effects, and that includes concealing information about the risk of strokes and severe blood clots. Shawn Khorrami, one of the attorneys for the plaintiffs, said that this product should not be on the market. When a certain product is put out, giving women more hormones than they need, then you are increasing their risk of developing those ailments. Khorrami also added that similar lawsuits have been filed on behalf of nearly 400 women around the US.Last September, the FDA warned women regarding the risk of blood clots in the legs and lungs and their use of birth control patches. As a result of the warning, the product label was updated to reflect the data of one study that found women using the patch faced twice the risk of clots than did women on the pill. From this information, women should be careful in choosing their form of birth control. It is advisable for them to go and visit their gynecologist or physician, and try to gather facts about their health history, and choose the best birth control that will suit both their health and lifestyle.

Hypotheses on Autism Causes

Autism is a very serious neurological disorder, determining dramatic behavioral changes in children that are affected by it, considerably altering their psychical and physical development. Autism is responsible for modifications in social interactions, cognitive function and also communication skills. Autistic children are susceptible to allergies, different respiratory conditions, digestive problems, epilepsy, recidivating viral diseases, sleeping disorders and digestive problems. Autism causes havent yet been fully clarified. In the case of autistic children, the factors responsible for perturbing their normal neurological activity are still under debate. A very interesting aspect of the disorder is regressive autism. Children diagnosed with regressive autism develop normally until they suddenly experience behavioral changes and speech deficiencies. Scientists believe that autism causes are of multiple natures. Studies indicate different interrelated factors that might trigger the disorder. Experts claim that certain genetic factors might be responsible for the development of autism. Research results also reveal that there are environmental, metabolic and immunologic factors involved in acquiring autism.Statistics indicate the hereditary characteristic of autism. In the case of families with already one autistic child, there is a great possibility of having another child susceptible to the development of the disorder. Due to genetic perturbations, there are chances between three and ten percent for families with one affected child of having another autistic child. It is believed that several different genes determine the development of autism. However, in present scientists are unable to establish a connection between the malfunctioning genes and autism. Although the presence of genetic components in the development of autism has been confirmed, actual "autism causes" are still debatable. Studies in the field indicate connections between autism and previous illnesses or disorders such as metabolic conditions, severe bacterial infections, genetic disorders, neurological disorders or brain anomalies. However, although these disorders are thought to increase the chances of developing forms of autism, they alone cant lead to acquiring autism, as research findings indicate that the majority of children suffering from such diseases arent autistic. It is strongly believed that autism causes are genetic components interacting with environmental perturbations. In the past, there were many theories that sustained the psychological character of autism. Parents were most often blamed for autistic disorders developed by their children, due to beliefs that autism causes were emotional traumas in the childs first years of life. However, today this hypothesis has been contradicted by researches in the field. The actual autism causes remain an enigma, although such neurological disorders have attracted the attention of many scientists and medical experts. Although studies have contradicted many inaccurate suppositions and beliefs, modern science cant yet provide medicine with a concrete, plausible answer for autism causes.

Summary

Random drug and alcohol screening is used by many UK companies to deter the use or abuse of illegal drugs and / or alcohol by employees within the workplace. There have been a large number of case studies to demonstrate how effective random screening is in reducing accidents, absenteeism, ill health, litigation, etc.